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How wool is made

Finishing


Finishing is very important to ensure the appearance and shape of the garment is consistent with the requirements at retail.

Worsted-Spun Wool Products

 

he objectives of finishing include:

Conducting finishing at optimum conditions and in a controlled manner is essential to ensure consistency; otherwise it is likely to have an adverse effect on both the wear and laundering performance of the final product.

Worsted fabrics and products require a very smooth surface and appearance, so it important that minimal disruption of the fabric surface due to abrasive forces takes place during the finishing processes.

Woven fabrics

Woven fabrics are first subjected to “wet” finishing - scouring in warm water containing detergent to remove additives (processing lubricants) and contaminants (oil, dirt).

After dyeing, the fabric then undergoes a number of “dry” finishing operations to remove protruding fibres, which if remaining would give the fabric an unsmooth hairy appearance, further flatten the fabric by pressing to make it smoother, and to make it dimensionally stable.

Knitted fabrics

Circular knit fabrics are finished on equipment and in a very similar manner, and with similar objectives to that of woven fabrics as described above.

During finishing most circular knit fabrics are dyed at this stage, to reduce production lead times and to enable quick response to market requirements. 

Knitwear (Sweaters)

Worsted-spun knitwear is usually finished in one of two ways.