Spinning is the process by which wool fibre is turned into yarn. During spinning, wool fibres are drawn out and twisted together to form yarn. They can be twisted and wound in different ways, for example two yarns can be folded together for increased strength and uniformity.
There are two main spinning routes for wool: worsted and woollen systems.
Worsted yarns are the primary market for Australian wool, with about 80 per cent of the Australian wool clip processed using this method. Worsted spinning converts “long fibre” length wool top into yarn that features a smooth texture and finish. These yarns are used in garments such as tailored wool suits.
Woollen yarn spinning converts “short fibre” length carded wool into yarns that are significantly bulkier than worsted-spun yarns and used in the production of knitted garments or woven jacketings.